Welcome to Ukraine

Welcome to Ukraine

WELCOME to Ukraine, a big Eastern European country, which is located in the geographical centre of Europe.

The biggest cities of Ukraine are Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhzhya, Donetsk, Odessa, Mykolaiv and others. Kiev, Odessa, Lviv, Yalta and other beautiful places become real treasures. So start exploring this beautiful land of green high mountains, deep Black sea and beautiful kind people. We want to invite you to the country – people here are always happy to meet their guests – You will love sincere Ukrainian hospitality. Our country very vivid, rich in culture and history. There are many places to see, many lovely sights, traditional sounds, and unique smells. A lot of attractions in Ukraine stick the attention of tourists from the over world to our country. Whatever place you go, we’ll make your trip unbelievable.

General Information

Ukraine is one of the largest countries of Eastern Europe. It occupies an area of 603 700 km2. Its territory stretches for 893 kilometres from north to south and for 1316 kilometres from east to west. It has state borders with Russia, Belarus and Moldova. It also borders on Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania.

In the south it is washed by the Black and the Azov Seas. The major rivers are the Dnieper, the Dniester, the Donets and others.

The major part of Ukraine is flat and only 5% of it is mountainous. The two mountainous areas in Ukraine are the Carpathians and the Crimean Mountains.

The geographical position of Ukraine is very favourable because the country lies on the crossroads of the ways from Asia to Europe.

Ukraine has deposits of iron, manganese, coal, natural gas, oil and other mineral resources. The main branches of industry are: coal and ore mining, iron and steel engineering, machine and ship building. Besides, Ukraine has always been an agrarian country. Traditionally crop-growing and cattlebreeding are being developed.

The population of Ukraine is about 50 million people. The biggest cities are Kyiv, Kharkiv, Zaporizhia, Dnipropetrovsk, Odesa, Lviv, Mykolaiv and others.

Ukraine has an ancient history. It has its own original culture and arts.

The country is one of the members of the United Nations Organization (UNO) and participates in the work of many international organizations.

Kiev

Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. One the oldest cities of Europe, it was the capital of ancient Rus, cradle of three fraternal peoples – the Russian, the Ukrainian and the Byelorussian.

Nowadays it is a large political, industrial, scientific and cultural centre of Ukraine. Its population equals nearly 3 million people. It is the seat of the Supreme Rada and the Cabinet of Ministers.

Kyiv is famous not only for its history (it was called “the Mother of All Rus’ Cities”), but for its beauty, It is situated on the picturesque banks of the Dnieper River.

Kyiv’s monuments of the past attract a lot of visitors. They are impressed by Kyiv-Pechersky Monastery, St. Sophia’s Cathedral, the Golden Gate, Shevchenko Memorial, Vydubetsky Monastery, Askold’s Grave, Church of St. Andrew and a lot of other places that are really worth sightseeing too.

It is the centre of Ukrainian culture. A lot research institutes and higher educational establishments are to be founded here. Kyiv is famous for its theatres and concert halls such as Taras Shevchenko Opera and Ballet Theatre, Musical Comedy Theatre, Puppet Theatre, Conservatoire and Philharmonics, the Concert Hall “Ukraine”. The performances staged at these theatres are always of great demand.

Kiev, like big European capitals, Rome and Paris, is located on seven hills and is considered to be one of the greenest capitals in the world.

People call Kyiv the “mother of Russian cities”. During the 11th -13th centuries, it was the capital of a powerful state Kyivska Rus. Its territory spread from the Baltic in the north to the Black Sea in the south, from the Carpathians in the west to the Volga in the east. By that time the territory of Kyivska Rus was larger than that of any other Christian state and its population was second in size only to that of the Byzantine Empire. Kiev maintained wide foreign and commercial trade links due to its position at the crossroads of trade routs between the Vikings and the Greeks.

From the XVIIIth century, Kiev, with its great number of churches, the world-famous Pechersk Lavra Cave Monastery and St. Sophia Cathedral, monasteries and convents, became the Russian Empire’s center of worship and symbol of Orthodox Christianity…

Lviv

The quintessential old European city Lviv is called the capital of Western Ukraine. It is known as the cultural capital of Ukraine. Its narrow streets and its old historic centre make Lviv one of the best places in the country.

It was founded in the mid- 13th century by Danylo Halytsky and was named after his son Lev, which means lion. Now the lion is the historic symbol of the city. For this reason, one can encounter sculptures of lions all over the city.

Lviv is also famous for its places of interest, churches and monasteries, among which are the Roman Catholic Cathedral, Uspensky Church, St George’s Cathedral, Church of St John the Baptist, Jesuit Church and many others. It is also famous for its Museum of Historic Religions.

The historical centre of Lviv is complete and self-contained. With each step You will enjoy its own unique flavour and history in the form of churches, old stone buildings, aromatic coffee houses and the artistic ideas that for many centuries have determined the atmosphere of Lviv and the true soul of Ukraine.

You will walk narrow medieval streets paved with stones, you will watch architectural decoration done in different styles – all preserved in its original form. IN different periods of time Lviv was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and then Poland and that fact contributed to the formation of the city’s unique image. But in spite of all the whims of history the Lviv did not lose its Ukrainian spirit. So it is no wonder that the central part of the city is included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage.

Over the centuries Lviv has always provided a warm welcome for all its guests, each of them bringing various different products of their civilisations to the city, as well as their national characteristics: German deal, Italian vigour, English merchant’s wisdom, Polish humour. They all brought a piece of their motherland and left it here for future generations. So today’s international tourists can enjoy unique Ukrainian culture in the city, yet probably find some aspect of that, what will remind them home. And that is part of the secret of why visitors feel as comfortable here as they do in their home countries. So Lviv is not only well worth of visiting – it is worth of coming back to see again and again.

The Ukrainian Carpathians

Carpathian Mountains – a real tourist paradise. The crystal mountain streams, majestic peaks and green forests make this region beautiful not only for Ukrainians but for the tourists all over the world. It is the adventure you will not soon forget! Carpathian Mountains – the oldest mountain range in Europe and distinctive cultural region. After all, this region has huge potential for future: there are big opportunities for sports – Alpine skiing, paragliding, fishing, hunting and stuff, rafting, hiking, and for the treatment – various mineral and thermal waters. You can see many interesting things in the Carpathian Mountains: mountain pine, the highest Carpathian tree – European larch, whose height – 54 meters and the lowest – willow tupolistuyu whose height – 15 inches – on the slopes of Bliznitsa. Many people visit the valley of blooming daffodils in spring, The salt lakes in Solotvyno attract people like Dead Sea in Israel. These lakes are much smaller in size, but have the same medicinal properties.

Carpathians are divided into 2 parts – Prykarpattya and Transcarpathia. If You look on the map, You can see, that Prykarpattya – is Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi region, Transcarpathia – Transcarpathian or Uzhgorod region. The average height of the mountains is about 1200-1400 meters. The highest peak – Goverla,  is located near the village of Vorohta. Its height is 2061 m. All other dvuhtysyachniki of Ukrainian Carpathians are located nearby. Beautiful climate, fresh mountain air and clean mineral waters create ideal conditions for health promotion. Healing the natural wealth and modern medical facilities can get the sweeping effect in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and biliary tract, metabolic, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and nervous systems.

There are many sources of mineral waters in the Carpathians. Tourists all over the Europe come here for the treatment of diseases and general health of the organism, and not only for recreation. The air is fresh, with a high content of ozone, with a slight scent of pine needles. That is why there are a lot of sanatoriums for treatment of respiratory diseases.

Any part of the Ukrainian Carpathians is unique and original in its nature and culture. Each season in Carpathians attracts with its uniqueness. In winter, the Carpathians are especially popular and attractive for people who love skiing.. Mountain peaks are covered with snow for about 5 months during the year. That is why You can enjoy skiing in November or even in May. The most popular ski resorts are Bukovel, Dragobrat, Slavske,. There are many slopes of any level of complexity for different tourists with different skills of skiing. Summer brilliant for horse-riding, swimming in mountain rivers, etc., or extreme tourism – is hiking on foot and by bicycle, jeep tours, paragliding.

Climate. The climate of Carpathians is determined primarily by its geographic location, the significant height of the mountains above sea level, form of relief. We define six climatic zones, depending on the altitude above sea level and sum of active temperatures: very warm, warm and moderately warm, cool – in the middle mountains, moderately cold and cold – in the highlands. Carpathians are considered to be a humid mountain region. They are situated on the routes of western and eastern air currents, which bring from Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and Black seas significant amount of moisture.

Population. More than 76 different nationalities inhabit Ukrainian Carpathians, and they created a unique cultural diversity of this region. Of course, most of the population are Ukrainians, divided into three ethnographic groups: Boyky, who inhabit central part of Ukrainian Carpathians, Lemky in the western part of Carpathians, Hutsuls in eastern part of Ukrainian Carpathians. Representatives of other nationalities – Hungarians, Russians, Romanians, Gypsies, Slovaks, Germans, Jews, Belarusians, Czechs, Poles, Italians, Armenians, Azerbaijanians make the other part of the Ukrainian Carpathian population.

National characteristics. Carpathian region is rich in traditions and customs. Most common practices in this area are off the mountain valley, Hutsul wedding and religious calendar holidays, particularly Christmas-New Year with Christmas carols and schedrivky (including “Basil”, “Vodokreschenya”, “Melanki” Hutsul “Rozkolyada”) and Easter with the Easter ”

Christmas is one of the most respected festivals in the Ukrainian Carpathians. When the first star appears on the 6-th on January, the eldest in the family enters the house specially woven sheaf of wheat, which is called Didukh. Housewives cook twelve ritual vegetable dishes. The family begins the holy supper. Kolyada (execution of Christmas carols – folk songs with religious content) is the symbol of Christmas.

Easter – the biggest Christian holiday, is one of the most joyous holidays in the Ukrainian Carpathians. The oldest symbol of it is an Easter egg, decorated with paintings and ornaments – even pre-Christian symbol of the sun, life, immortality, rebirth, goodness, joy and happiness. People are preparing Carpathian Easter dishes that sanctify Sunday during the morning liturgy. Сhurch bells bottle all day long, telling about the great Christian good news.

A big celebration for local residents and tourists are seeing gutsulsky shepherds on remote mountain valley for grazing. This starts in May and lasts until September. We should considerate the difficult conditions of life of shepherds in a mountain valley. Their work lasts from dawn till night, and yet each gutsul dreams of becoming poloninnikom. There are three things that makes the life of gutsulsky shepherds famous – a cheese, Trembita (a Carpathian musical instrument), Vatra (great fire place made of wood). Guys dance hutsul ritual male dance Arkan “with a small ax in their hands.

A lot of people admire Hutsul wedding. For centuries hutsuls have being maintained their traditions. They dress in national dress, decorate their horses. The wedding is full of cheerful and plaintive songs, dances, games, fun, jokes, and jokes.

Kitchen. Carpathian cuisine distinguish three qualities: nourishing, delicious, naturally. Its worth to try at least something out of curiosity. It is believed, that such foods maks Your life longer. After such nourishing breakfast you have enough strength for a long pedestrian crossing. Most traditional dishes are amazing under the local brew, however, as under the expensive drinks.

Almost all cafes, restaurants and kolybas (original Hutsul restaurant made of wood) offer you the traditional dishes of Ukrainian cuisine: mushroom soup, potato pancakes, dumplings, pancakes. They can also propose a wide range of European dishes. Hutsul dishes are very simple and at the same time, original. Most hutsuls use corn grits, potatoes, mushrooms for cooking. . Hutsul cuisine is known for its home-smoked meats, mushroom yushkoy, cabbage rolls, and cheese – feta cheese, which is prepared shepherds Summer highland pastures. The menu does not get along without all sorts of dishes from fish, mostly trout, caught in the crystal clear mountain streams. Carpathian slopes are known as special varieties of grapes, which are traditionally bred and used for the production of excellent wines.